Climate change has caused great impact in Brazil’s energy matrix. Composed largely of clean energy, mainly hydropower, Brazilian energy matrix is vulnerable to seasonality periods of drought and rain. In times of drought the use of thermal power plants works as a backup, although this issue is still discussed. Every time this thermals are turned on, they directly influence the prices in energy cost.
Today, the photovoltaic system alternative has also become more attractive to the consumer. Despite the tendency of a growing market and strong global influence, in Brazil there are still many challenges to the development of its energy matrix, starting with the implementation capacity and technological capability, passing through the stimulus opportunities in taxation and including also the investment on human resources.